Owners: SSM of Wisconsin & Dean Health System
SSM Healthcare of Wisconsin (SSM) and Dean Health System (DHS) formed a partnership in the community of Janesville, Wisconsin, with the goal of providing greater access to coordinated healthcare in a patient-centered environment. The Owner desired to engage a single team to program, plan, design and deliver a comprehensive community medical campus, located at the intersection of Interstate 39/90 and Highway 11 on the southeast side of Janesville. The project includes a 163,000 square foot, 50-bed hospital and a 150,000 square foot clinic. The hospital program includes: 50 private rooms, including an intensive care unit, medical-surgical care, labor delivery recovery and postpartum rooms; emergency department, surgery, diagnostics, laboratory, pharmacy, support and food services, administrative and public spaces. The clinic programs include exam and treatment spaces serving primary and specialty care, including oncology in an outpatient, patient-centered medical home model. To the extent possible permitted by building codes and licensure requirements, the team was challenged to integrate functions, increase flexibility and efficiency, and maximize business occupancy type spaces over institutional type spaces to conserve costs while emphasizing a patient-centered design aesthetic over an institutional environment. The campus was also master planned to grow to a 200 bed hospital and double the size of the clinic.
The site had been identified by advance planning (completed by the same team, 10 years earlier) to align the real estate goals and objectives with the organization’s strategic plan, ensuring the right services were in the right location for the right cost at the right time. Implementation of the project on this site was done by validation of the strategic plan in concert with site master planning to ensure the future expansion needs were not compromised by the current program. The planning and design team had to address stacking of the program in order to minimize the footprint of development on the site while preserving prominent features of the existing landscape. Daylighting and views and orientation of the program on the site had to be coordinated with points of access from the adjacent interstate and highway.
Evidence-based design (EBD) informed the design solution, and centered on developing a strong connection to nature to reduce anxiety and stress for patients, speed the healing process, improving patient experience and employee satisfaction. The campus was designed to highlight views to the natural surroundings and incorporate nature within through a variety of natural elements and earth-tone decor. Design features include the “Town Square” which is the main point of entry and connection of all program elements to the Healing Garden beyond. A variety of oversized and floor-to-ceiling windows are strategically place to afford scenic views of Janesville’s landscape and exterior healing gardens. Paint, furniture, and other interior elements draw on natural color palettes, patterns, and textures. Local artists were commissioned to create pieces to make the space feel warm and familiar to patients, and to serve as a positive distraction. One example is a sculpture that was designed for the Pediatric department. This tree evokes a park environment, is symbolic of growth, honors Janesville’s identity as a “Tree City” and is an effective way-finding landmark. Design of the treatment spaces utilizes an on-stage / off-stage approach, reinforcing the patient experience while maintaining efficient and functional space for staff and support services.
Photos: William P. Wright and PHOTOSMITH